Rhinoplasty, commonly referred as nose surgery, is done to correct cosmetic deformities or functional problems related to the nose. Cosmetic rhinoplasty surgery is performed for a person when he/she is not satisfied with the shape or structure of their nose. The aim of rhinoplasty surgery is to create a nose structure that suits the patient’s face without disturbing the functions of the nose.
Who is a candidate?
A normal healthy adult over the age of 17 years can be considered a good candidate for rhinoplasty. The most common indications are-
1. Dissatisfaction with the shape or size of the nose
2. A broad nose with a bulbous tip
3. Any trauma resulting in the distortion of the nose
4. Congenital deformities like those associated with a cleft lip.
5. Deviated septum of the nose or a crooked nose
6. A bump in nasal dorsum
What are the types of rhinoplasty?
Rhinoplasty or nasal surgery basically consists of two categories as given below:
• Open Rhinoplasty: This is the most commonly performed type of rhinoplasty. It is most often used for correction of tip deformities such as a broad nasal tip, drooping nose, flared nostrils or a broad nasal base. The incision for this surgery is placed on the skin between the nostrils. This approach gives the surgeon an excellent view of patient’s nasal anatomy.
• Closed Rhinoplasty: This category involves an incision inside the nose, just near the nostril rim. It is used in correcting nasal bony deformities and deformities of the septum. The downtime is lesser as compared to an open rhinoplasty. This also causes less swelling and bruising in the post-op period.
What are the risks associated?
The most common risks associated with a rhinoplasty procedure are the infection, adverse reaction to the anesthesia, and excessive bleeding. They feel discomfort due to swelling in the post-op period which can take upto 3 months to resolve.